From this EBSCO website. http://web8.epnet.com/citation.asp?tb=1&_ug=sid+E9C59BAB%2D346D%2D46C9%2DAB8D%2D11A623E32709%40sessionmgr5+dbs+mih%2Cfunk%2Culh%2Cnfh%2Ceric%2Ctth%2Cprh+cp+1+4963&_us=frn+1+hs+False+or+Date+ss+SO+sm+KS+sl+%2D1+dstb+KS+mh+1+ri+KAAACB3A00099511+896D&_uso=tg%5B0+%2D+db%5B6+%2Dulh+db%5B5+%2Dtth+db%5B4+%2Dprh+db%5B3+%2Dnfh+db%5B2+%2Dmih+db%5B1+%2Dfunk+db%5B0+%2Deric+hd+False+clv%5B0+%2DY+op%5B0+%2D+cli%5B0+%2DFT+st%5B0+%2Ddeath++AND++penalty++AND++philosophy+3094&fn=1&rn=3
Remember the username is s3033459 and your password is 'password'.
"Although [the Pope] does not hold that the death penalty is intrinsically evil, his deep respect for human life inclines him to reject capital punishment in practice. He allows for it when there is no other way to defend society against the criminal, but he also holds that in advanced societies today there are alternatives more in accord with human dignity. When convicts on death row are about to be executed, the pope regularly sends messages to governors asking them to grant clemency.
Earlier official teaching, up through the pontificate of Pius XLI, consistently supported capital punishment. Catholic moral theologians regularly quoted St. Paul to the effect that secular rulers do not bear the sword in vain; they are God's ministers or instruments in executing his wrath upon wrongdoers (Rom 13:4). Thus the authority of the state to put criminals to death does not conflict with the maxim that God alone is the master of life. But John Paul II, to the best of my knowledge, never quotes this text. Why not, I wonder. Does he believe that governments in the modern democratic society still rule with divine authority or that they enjoy only the authority given them by consensus of the governed? Can retributive punishment be a valid reason for the death penalty? Some Catholics interpret John Paul II as opposing the mainstream Catholic tradition and therefore as perhaps teaching unsound doctrine..."